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Have you ever heard of dire wolves? You’ll probably say “Yes” if you are a fan of the TV show Game of Thrones . This canine species appears in the iconic TV series, where it is known as a ‘direwolf’ and is the sigil of House Stark; but it also actually roamed North America until around 13,000 years ago. New research shows that the story of dire wolves should not be based on appearances alone.
Real life dire wolves were large, wolf-like (as you might expect), and were one of the most common carnivores to call the Americas home in the Late Pleistocene period (approximately 126,000 to 12,000 years ago). The body shape of this extinct species is so similar to gray wolves that it was assumed that dire wolves and gray wolves were probably close relations. However, the research published in the journal Nature today reveals that this assumption is incorrect.
Dire wolf skeleton from the La Brea Tar Pits mounted in running pose. (Eden, Janine and Jim/ CC BY 2.0 ) Dire wolves were among the most common carnivores in the Americas in the Late Pleistocene period.
Researchers Who Study Dire Wolves Get Surprising Results
The new Nature paper is the work of a diverse international team of experts including researchers from Queen Mary University, Durham University, and the University of Oxford in the UK, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) in the US, Australia’s Adelaide University, and Ludwig Maximilian University in Germany.
A Durham University press release states that the international team has completed the first genetic sequencing of ancient dire wolf DNA. The researchers took samples from five dire wolf sub-fossils which were gathered from Wyoming, Idaho, Ohio, and Tennessee. The fossils are between to 12,900 years old to 50,000 years old. By using cutting-edge molecular methods on the genetic samples, the researchers have reconstructed the evolutionary history of the long-extinct carnivore for the first time, and the results are surprising. Co-lead author, Dr. Kieren Mitchell from the University of Adelaide, noted that “Dire wolves are sometimes portrayed as mythical creatures - giant wolves prowling bleak frozen landscapes - but reality turns out to be even more interesting.”
“Dire wolves are sometimes portrayed as mythical creatures […] but reality turns out to be even more interesting.”
The study shows that dire wolves split from African jackals around 5.1 million years ago and their lineage separated from other wolves approximately 5.7 million years ago – meaning they are only distant relatives of today’s wolves . Senior author, Dr. Laurent Frantz, from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, said, “When we first started this study we thought that dire wolves were just beefed up grey wolves, so we were surprised to learn how extremely genetically different they were.”
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The genomic analyses results presented in the Nature paper suggest that there are three primary lineages that descend from a shared ancestor: dire wolves, African jackals, and a group of all the other existing wolf-like species, including the gray wolf.
Left: Map representing the distribution of sites in the Americas where dire wolf remains have been identified. Colored circles represent the locations and approximate ages of the remains, with crossed circles representing the five samples that yielded sufficient DNA to reconstruct both mitochondrial genomes and low-coverage nuclear genome sequences. Right: Map of the geographical range of the canid species investigated in this study. (Perri, A.R. et al./ Nature)
Co-lead author, Dr. Alice Mouton from UCLA says:
“We have found the dire wolf is not closely related to the grey wolf. Further we show that the dire wolf never interbred with the grey wolf. In contrast, grey wolves, African wolves, dogs, coyotes and jackals can and do interbreed. Dire wolves likely diverged from grey wolves more than five million years ago, which was a great surprise that this divergence occurred so early. This finding highlights how special and unique the dire wolf was.”
The researchers found that dire wolves were so different from other canine species , like coyotes and gray wolves, that they could not even breed with each other. Dr. Frantz says this is surprising because “Hybridization across Canis species is thought to be very common, this must mean that dire wolves were isolated in North America for a very long time to become so genetically distinct.”
Skeletons of gray (Canis lupus) and dire wolf (Canis dirus). (Mariomassone & Momotarou2012/ CC BY-SA 3.0 )
Dr. Kieren Mitchell further explained that “Despite anatomical similarities between gray wolves and dire wolves - suggesting that they could perhaps be related in the same way as modern humans and Neanderthals - our genetic results show these two species of wolf are much more like distant cousins, like humans and chimpanzees .” Dr. Mitchell continued,
“While ancient humans and Neanderthals appear to have interbred, as do modern grey wolves and coyotes, our genetic data provided no evidence that dire wolves interbred with any living canine species. All our data point to the dire wolf being the last surviving member of an ancient lineage distinct from all living canines.”
Size comparison of a dire wolf and a human. (Aledgn/ CC BY-SA 4.0 )
The Origins and Extinction of Dire Wolves
A UCLA press release on the study says that over the years researchers have excavated more than 4,000 dire wolves from the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, California, USA. But before the current study, scientists were in the dark about their evolution and the reason for their extinction. “The terrifying dire wolf, a legendary symbol of Los Angeles and the La Brea Tar Pits, has earned its place among the many large, unique species that went extinct at the end of the Pleistocene epoch,” co-senior author Robert Wayne of UCLA said.
The genetic analysis also shows that this extinct canid species originated in the Americas. In comparison the ancestors of gray wolves , coyotes, and dholes evolved in Eurasia and arrived in North America later, around 1.37 million years ago.
Now that the family story and origins of the dire wolf are covered, it’s time to turn to another major question – what happened to them?
The researchers didn’t cover this question in-depth in their research, but the common belief is that the large body size of Canis dirus , meaning ’fearsome dog’ (dire wolves’ scientific name), suggests they preyed on large mammals like bison. When there was a massive megafauna extinction, the researchers suggest that the dire wolves lack of interbreeding with other wolf-like species to acquire other traits may have hastened their demise.
Fire Fighters Battle With Wildfire At Ancient Mycenae In Greece
A wildfire at Mycenae has caused a major archaeological panic in Greece. Greek fire fighters equipped with nine fire engines, two planes and a helicopter struggled to save the ancient citadel of Mycenae from the destructive flames of an out-of-control wildfire. The Bronze Age stronghold of Mycenae in ancient Greece was the center of the Mycenaean civilization from approximately 1600-1100 BC. According to a press release by Agence France-Presse , the wildfire at Mycenae started in the afternoon of August 30, near the tomb of Agamemnon, the king of Mycenae who was killed by his wife following the Trojan war .
Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries of 2020
In many ways this has been a difficult year, but in the realm of archaeological research some major discoveries have been made around the world. Lost cities and tombs have come to light, the creations of our prehistoric ancestors have been recognized for their innovation, and several finds this year are rewriting history. The following are 10 of the most prominent archaeological discoveries to make news headlines in 2020.
The Saqqara royal burial necropolis south of Cairo, Egypt, is perhaps 2020’s most revealing ancient site. It seems that almost every month new treasures have been presented from this sacred burial complex. To date, antiquities authorities have announced the discovery of at least 140 sealed sarcophagi, with mummies inside most of them.
The highly-ornate, colorful, and gilded wooden coffins date to the Late Period (664-332 BC) and the time of the Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled Egypt from around 320 BC to about 30 BC. The sarcophagi have been found with some 40 golden statues and other impressive grave goods.
Examination of a tiny bone object extracted from a pile of waste material from digging a well revealed to be what experts think is the oldest example of three-dimensional art ever found in East Asia. It is a small standing bird carving and was discovered at the Paleolithic site of Lingjing, in Henan, China.
Although there is no visible detailing of the wings, researchers say this, “does not represent an obstacle to identifying the carving as a representation of a bird,” particularly a songbird on a pedestal. The Lingjing bird figurine suggests the presence of a longstanding artistic tradition specific to East Asia, with origins much earlier in the Paleolithic.
Archaeologists have unearthed a tomb that they think might be the resting place of the legendary Romulus, founder of Rome . It was discovered in an underground temple buried beneath the Roman Forum in an area that archaeologists know was devoted to the legendary 6th century BC king. The rock sarcophagus measures 4.6 feet (1.4 meters) long.
The newly discovered underground temple was found buried near “the Lapis Niger,” which is an ancient black shrine in the Roman Forum beneath the entrance stairway to the curia (which housed assemblies, councils, and courts.) The temple’s altar had been positioned where ancient Romans believed Romulus was buried, but no bones were found inside the coffin to verify if the tomb really belonged to King Romulus.
A big rock with an inscription written in Luwian, a language used in the Bronze and Iron Ages, appears to mark the location of a formerly lost city and kingdom in the Konya Plain in the south of Turkey. During the first inspection of the writing a researcher immediately recognized one of the hieroglyphs as the sign for king/monarch.
A later translation of the symbols shows that the stone was a stele erected by King Hartapu in the 8th century BC. It named a city called Türkmen-Karahöyük, which was assumed to be his capital city, and it also mentioned the king having defeated a neighboring Muska kingdom. Based on ancient sources, Muska has been identified with the kingdom of Phrygia, famous for its semi-mythical king, Midas.
Circular dwellings constructed with huge mammoth bones represent the earliest examples of architecture. But a mammoth-bone structure discovered in Kostenki, Russia dating to 24-25,000 BP has been declared as “the oldest ever built” by Homo sapiens .
Presumed to have been covered with animal skins, circular mammoth-bone structures are thought to have sheltered ancient hunters during long and hard glacial winters. They generally comprise a concentrated ring of mammoth bones with deep pits around their outer perimeters. Impressed with the size and appearance of the mammoth-bone structure at Kostenki, some archaeologists argue that it was a monumental building which also served religious purposes.
Researchers have found the long-lost capital of an ancient Maya kingdom in the backyard of a Mexican cattle rancher. The team from Mexico, Canada, and the United States began excavating the site in June 2018. They have unearthed a trove of Maya monuments, including one with an important inscription describing rituals, battles, a mythical water serpent, and the dance of a rain god. They’ve also found remnants of pyramids, a royal palace, and a ball court.
The archaeological site, named Lacanja Tzeltal for the nearby modern community, was the capital of the Sak Tz’i’ kingdom, located in what is today the state of Chiapas in southeastern Mexico. It was likely first settled by 750 BC and then occupied for over 1,000 years. Academics have been looking for evidence of Sak Tz’i’ since 1994, when they identified references to it in inscriptions found at other Maya excavation sites. The realm is also mentioned in sculptures housed in museums around the world.
Sometime between 41,000–52,000 years ago an innovative person took some fibers, twisted them together, and put them with a thin stone tool. Their creation may have been a handle, net, or bag for the tool. This is the oldest known direct evidence of someone using fibers to create string. It was made by a Neanderthal living in the area of what is now France – providing more evidence for Neanderthal intelligence.
Researchers explain that producing this type of cord would have required some higher cognitive abilities, such as knowledge about the growth and seasonality of the trees which produced the fiber, to know when the best time would be to take fibers from them. The cord creator also needed context sensitive operational memory and an understanding of the use of complex multi-component technology as well as a mathematical understanding of pairs, sets, and numbers to create the yarn and turn it into three-ply cord.
Francois Desset from the University of Tehran Department of Archaeology claims the Iranian plateau was the birthplace of writing based on his decryption of Linear Elamite script. Desset asserts that his find is “a cultural revolution in the history of writing in the world.”
It took the archaeologist a decade to decipher the cuneiform inscription which was found on hand-carved clay tablets in the ancient city of Susa in southwest Iran. But he believes the writing predates Mesopotamia, which has long been known as the cradle of cuneiform writing.
A 9,000-year-old grave in Peru has been shown to contain the world’s oldest female hunter. Based on the hunting toolkit found with the deceased, the team initially thought that the burial was of a male hunter. However, the bones were very slender, light, and appeared to be those of a female who died between the ages of 17 and 19. Her gender and age were determined based on an analysis of proteins in her teeth.
To find out if her hunting was representative or uncommon for women at the time, the researchers conducted an exhaustive study of the research literature on 107 burial sites in the Americas. All of these sites are between 6,000 and 12,500 years old. In total, the researchers found 10 women who had been buried with hunting toolkits. Their research has led them to conclude that women routinely participated in big game hunts. This find may change our understanding of gender relations in the ancient Americas and even the nature of prehistoric societies.
A mysterious series of petroglyphs made by the Pueblo people of the southwestern United States have been deciphered. The archaeologists used breakthrough technologies in their study, including laser scanning and photogrammetry. They took many images of the petroglyphs and recreated them in three dimensions – allowing the researchers to see more on the rocks than what is possible with the naked eye.
The study results demonstrate how sophisticated the ancestral Puebloan people were. The rock art was intentionally made to display complex interactions between light and shadow. These are most apparent during winter and summer solstices and also around the equinoxes in the fall and spring. The calendar would have helped them decide when to plant their seed, something very important for agricultural communities. The rock art also shows scenes of traditional Puebloan culture and their ceremonies, which seem to have been tied to the solar calendar. This is very similar to those practiced by modern-day Hopi people and would suggest a great deal of cultural continuity among Native Americans in the region.
With all of these amazing finds being made in such a challenging year, we can expect even more fascinating archaeological discoveries are waiting to happen as archaeologists, scientists, historians, and other experts continue their dedicated work of unmasking the stories of the past around the globe in 2021!
Top Image: Some of the major archaeological discoveries of 2020:Sarcophagi found at the Saqqara necropolis. ( Charlene Gubash / NBC News ) Map of the Maya Kingdom, Sak Tz’i, unearthed in Mexico. (Charles Golden /Brandeis University ) The Lion Table clay tablet written in Linear Elamite script. (Darafsh /CC BY-SA 3.0 ) T his bird figurine is the oldest-known sculpture found in East Asia. (Francesco d’Errico/Luc Doyon /PLOS ONE ) R esearchers have found the remains of a female hunter from 9,000 years ago in Peru. (beltsazar / Adobe Stock)
Dark Journalist: Truth UFO Disclosure and Mellon Family Secrets! Exclusive Interview with John W Warner IVMay 29th, 2021 Wake Up Fools
Dark Journalist: Truth UFO Disclosure and Mellon Family Secrets! Exclusive Interview with John W Warner IV John W Warner IV joins Dark Journalist, Daniel Liszt to do a deep dive on his Deep State roots, as the grandson of Andrew Mellon, the son of Senator John Warner (who sadly passed away on May 25th) and [&hellip]Posted in Jewish News Tags: disclosure, exclusive, family, journalist, mellon, secrets, truth No Comments »
Hodor is not described in the books as having a large scar on his right temple: this was added by the makeup department of the TV series to hide a tattoo possessed by actor Kristian Nairn. When asked if it was difficult to express a range of emotions when playing a character who can only speak a single word, Kristian responded: :"Unlike in the book, where Hodor's emotions are portrayed by a combination of the single word, the situation, and the reader's imagination, I have a very powerful medium to use as well: my body language. I was partially deaf when I was a child, and often in school, before I was fixed, I had to read context and emotions from people's faces and body language. That's also a huge part of sign language, and my knowledge of that (although I'm extremely out of practice) has put me in good stead for this part." ⎢]
Meera is the eldest child and only daughter of Lord Howland Reed of Greywater Watch. Her sole sibling is her younger brother, Jojen Reed. Having grown up in the North, she is a firm believer in the Old Gods of the Forest.
Meera holds a dagger to Osha's throat.
As Bran, Rickon, Osha, Hodor, Summer, and Shaggydog are fleeing towards Castle Black following the Sack of Winterfell, Meera surprises Osha by placing a knife to her throat so that Osha will drop her wooden spear aimed on the back of Jojen's neck. Ώ] Jojen tells that they have been searching for a long time so that they can offer their protection. Osha remarks that Jojen must be ashamed to have to rely on his sister for protection, but Meera dismisses her, claiming that some people will always need protection, but that doesn't mean they are any less of a person.
Osha and Meera continue to not get along, fighting over simple things like how best to skin a rabbit until Bran tells them to get along. Meera also cares for her brother while he is having seizure-like symptoms when he is having visions. ΐ]
Meera defends Jojen from Osha.
Continuing northward, Osha remains distrustful of the Reed siblings, peppering Jojen as to whether his conversations of magic are helpful. She reacts with horror when Jojen mentions that they intend to go beyond the Wall to find the Three-Eyed Raven. Osha bluntly refuses to go, explaining that she lost her husband, who then rose from the dead and tried to kill her. She rages that none of them understand what lies beyond the Wall and that there is nothing left for men there. Α]
Meera watches as Bran wargs.
While in the Gift, the group seeks shelter from a rainstorm in an abandoned windmill when Meera spots a horse. She and the others witness the man being surrounded by wildlings and fear that a scared Hodor yelling will alert the wildlings to their hiding place, but Bran uses his powers to enter Hodor's mind and make him sleep. Bran decides that he and Rickon should separate and that Osha and Shaggydog go with him. Before she leaves, Osha makes Meera and Jojen promise to keep Bran safe. Β]
Meera arrives with the remaining members of the group at Nightfort, a long unused Night's Watch castle along the Wall. Bran recalls a lot of scary stories he had heard from Old Nan about Nightfort, but Meera expresses her love of scary stories so Bran retells the legend of the Rat Cook.
Samwell and Gilly bid farewell to Meera, Jojen, Bran and Hodor.
Later, a dark figure appears from a well, frightening the group. Meera pins the figure down, knife in hand, yet it is only Samwell Tarly with Gilly and her baby. After discovering who each other are, Samwell warns Bran and the others of the White Walkers, but Bran insists that although he would like to join Samwell at Castle Black, he and the others must continue on their quest. Samwell supplies them dragonglass, and noticing that Meera uses a bow, gives her extra for her arrows. Γ]
Meera interrupts Bran's warging, stating that he was gone for hours. Jojen warns Bran of the dangers of staying within the minds of others for too long. Meera supports her brother, insisting to Bran that he would forget his friends, his family, his home, and even himself. Δ]
Around their campfire at night, Meera and her companions hears the cries of a baby (Craster's last son left outside by Rast). Bran wargs into Summer to investigate, but notices Ghost in a cage and Summer falls into a trap. They discover the mutineers at Craster's Keep, but Meera, noticing the cruel treatment of the girls, insists they leave the area. Bran wants to free the trapped direwolves, but they are ambushed by the mutineers and taken to Karl. Karl threatens Meera and Jojen, who begins to hypersalivate with the toil of Greensight, which forces Bran to reveal his identity to them. Ε]
The Reeds convince Bran to leave Jon.
Later, Karl and other mutineers prepare to rape Meera in front of her companions, but they are interrupted by the arrival of Jon Snow and the Night's Watch. During the ensuing battle, Locke finds the four of them and takes Bran away, intending to kill him. Bran wargs into Hodor and kills Locke by snapping his neck. As the raid on Craster's Keep continues, Bran, Jojen, Meera, and Hodor escape. Ζ]
Meera arrives at the great weirwood.
As they are walking to the great weirwood tree (the roots of which descend into the cave of the Three-Eyed Raven), Meera laments Jojen's ill health. However, Jojen points out their arrival at their destination. As they proceed, Jojen is grabbed from beneath the snow and dragged by a wight, but Meera comes to his aid before he is dragged beneath the snow. Meera successfully protects him from the Wights and pushes Jojen to the ground before it can kill him. As Jojen lies in the snow, Meera takes her eyes off him and continues to fight other wights.
Meera holds her dying brother.
While Meera is distracted, a wight lying next to Jojen, that she believed to be dead, pulls out a knife and stabs him repeatedly. Leaf tells her that he is lost, and telling her to leave him for dead, which Jojen reciprocates, but before leaving, slits his throat out of mercy. She gets inside the cave and follows Leaf with Bran and Hodor where they meet the Three-Eyed Raven. She inquires into her brother's death, to which the Raven then reveals that Jojen knew that the quest would cost his life. Η]
Meera awaits the coming war.
Meera remains in the Weirwood cave with Bran, Summer, Hodor, Leaf, and the Three-Eyed Raven. After Bran has a vision of his father as a child, he finds Meera sitting just outside the cave entrance. She confides in him that she is having trouble coping with their apparent inaction towards the coming war, and Bran reminds her that it's not safe anywhere outside. After he leaves, Leaf tells her that she needs to protect Bran at all costs. ⎖]
Meera and Leaf are confronted by the Night King and his army.
While Meera is sleeping one night, Bran comes into contact with the Night King. When he wakes up and cries out, Meera awakens as well. The Three-Eyed Raven informs them of their situation. She briefly speaks to Hodor before realizing how close the White Walkers are. Meera rushes to the entrance of the cave and sees the vast army of the dead approaching. On Leaf's orders, she dashes back into the cave, picks up a spear, and frantically tries to wake Bran up from his latest vision. Meera's latest words enter Bran's thoughts, and as the wights enter the cave, she encourages him to warg into Hodor.
She kills several wights and successfully shatters one White Walker with a spear of dragonglass. She carries Bran out of the cave in a cart, begging both present and past Hodor to "hold the door". Although all the other inhabitants of the cave perish, Meera escapes the battle alive with Bran, whilst Hodor is killed by the wights. ⎗] However, Meera struggles to pull both Bran and the cart as they continue to run from the army of the dead. Bran remains despondent, and continues to have visions of both past, present, and future. They are eventually found by the wight horde just as Bran wakes up, and Meera apologizes for not being able to protect him due to their sheer numbers and her exhaustion. Just before the Wights close in, however, a mysterious figure clad in a hooded black cloak arrives, killing several wights with a flaming chain. He pulls Bran and Meera up onto his horse, and they ride away.
Meera and Bran receive information from Benjen.
The mysterious figure, once they have found a safe place to make a fire, reveals himself as Benjen Stark, Bran's uncle, who has previously been thought to be dead. He claims that he was attacked by White Walkers while on a ranging party, and left for dead after being stabbed through the gut, and that the magic of the Children of the Forest saved his life. He also tells Bran that he has now embodied the Three-Eyed Raven, and must face the Night King when the time comes. ⎖]
Bran and Meera head for the Wall.
Meera, Bran, and Benjen eventually arrive at the weirwood tree, not far from the Wall. Claiming that the magic of the Children of the Forest prevents him from passing beyond the Wall, Benjen says his farewells and once again disappears into the forest, promising to continue to fight for the living. Meera watches while Bran connects to the tree, wary of the events following the last time he warged, who sees a vision of his aunt Lyanna's death, and the birth of Jon Snow at the Tower of Joy. ⎘]
Meera pulls Bran to the Wall.
After arriving at the wall, Meera and Bran are met by the acting Lord Commander of Night's Watch Eddison Tollett. Meera introduces herself as the daughter of Howland Reed and Bran as well, though Tollett demands some sort of proof that the two of them are indeed who they say they are. Bran delivers an ominous warning regarding the arrival of winter and the white walkers, and Eddison allows them to pass through the wall. ⎙]
Meera watches as Bran is reunited with Sansa.
Together with Bran, Meera arrives at Winterfell where she witnesses Bran reuniting with his sister, Sansa. ⎚] Later, Meera comes to Bran's chambers, explaining that she needs to go back to Greywater Watch to be with her family when the White Walkers come. When all Bran has to say is "thank you", Meera angrily says that Bran is only alive due to the sacrifices made by her brother, Summer and Hodor. However, Bran says that he is no longer "Bran Stark", and is now only the Three-Eyed Raven. Meera, with tears in her eyes, agrees, saying that the real Bran died in the cave of the Three-Eyed Raven. She then leaves Winterfell and returns to her home. ⎛]
In the books
[This section will be updated with comparisons after the sixth novel is released.]
The episode contains influences from the following chapters of A Feast for Crows:
- Chapter 27, Jaime III: Jaime and his sparring partner practice secretly.
- Chapter 28, Cersei VI: A Lannister realizes that the Tyrells had a motive to kill Joffrey.
The episode contains influences from the following chapter of A Dance with Dragons:
- Chapter 69, Jon XIII: At Jon's request, Tormund agrees to lead an expedition north of the Wall from Eastwatch-by-the-Sea.
Eddard Stark was the head of House Stark and Lord Paramount of the North of the constituent regions of the Seven Kingdoms, and House Stark is one of the Great Houses of the realm. House Stark rules the region from their seat of Winterfell, and Eddard also held the title Lord of Winterfell. In addition, he was the Warden of the North. Ώ]
Ned and Benjen as children, training at Winterfell.
Eddard was the second son of Lord Rickard Stark. Lord Rickard served King Aerys II Targaryen as Warden of the North. Eddard's older brother Brandon was Rickard's heir. Eddard also has a younger sister Lyanna and a younger brother Benjen. Eddard was a stoic, dutiful, and honorable man and was considered to embody the values of the North. ΐ]
Eddard was a trusted, close friend and counselor of King Robert Baratheon. ΐ] Both boys were fostered as children by Jon Arryn, the Lord of the Vale, they grew to love each other as brothers and loved Jon Arryn as a father figure. He supported Robert's play for the throne by acting as a general in several major battles. Eddard's sister, Lyanna, who was betrothed to Robert, was purportedly kidnapped by Prince Rhaegar Targaryen, igniting a war. Brandon protested the kidnapping, but his attempt to bring Rhaegar to justice failed. Lord Rickard was summoned to court in King's Landing by Aerys, and both Brandon and Rickard were brutally executed by the Mad King. Α] Their deaths left Eddard to inherit Rickard's responsibilities, serving King Robert instead.
Ned is given a newborn Jon Snow.
Brandon had been betrothed to Catelyn, and Eddard also inherited his brother's bride. Β] Β] Γ] Lyanna died in Eddard's arms during the conflict. Δ] Despite his happy family life, Eddard still felt the losses of his family quite keenly, often visiting his sister's tomb to light a candle for her as his daughter, Sansa, remembered. Ε] Despite barely knowing each other, Eddard and Catelyn formed a strong and loving marriage, and had five children, Robb, Sansa, Arya, Bran and Rickon.
Eddard also had a supposed illegitimate son, Jon Snow, apparently fathered with a common serving girl Wylla, and raised Jon as his son alongside his legitimate children in Winterfell. In reality, Jon is Eddard's nephew since he is the son of Eddard's sister Lyanna with Rhaegar Targaryen. Eddard kept this secret from everyone, including Catelyn, to protect Jon - especially from Robert Baratheon. This would become a source of occasional friction between Eddard and Catelyn, who remained unaware of Jon's true origins. Eddard's younger brother Benjen joined the Night's Watch, an institution of which Eddard was a keen supporter. Ζ] He also appeared to have troubles keeping his bannermen in line as Stannis Baratheon remembered his brother Robert saying the Northmen were difficult to control, even with Eddard on his side. Η]
Eddard wielded a Valyrian steel greatsword named Ice (an heirloom of House Stark) which he used on ceremonial occasions.
Eddard passes sentence on Will.
Eddard Stark executes a deserter from the Night's Watch named Will. Will tries to warn Eddard about the return of the White Walkers, but Eddard dismisses him as a madman. Eddard's sons Robb, Bran, and Jon accompany him to the execution. Eddard makes a point of telling Bran that the man who passes the sentence should swing the sword and take responsibility for his own decisions. ⎖]
On the way back to Winterfell, the party finds a dead stag and a dead female direwolf. The direwolf is found with her litter of six living pups. Eddard's first instinct is to kill them, but Jon tells his father that since the direwolf is the sigil of House Stark, the pups may be an omen. Eddard agrees to let his children look after them on the condition that they clean, raise, and feed them with no help from the servants. ⎖]
Ned in the catacombs visiting Lyanna's crypt with Robert.
A raven bearing news of the death of Jon Arryn, Eddard's childhood mentor and foster father, flies to Winterfell. The missive also states that King Robert and much of the royal court is on their way to the castle. Eddard realizes that Robert means to name him as Hand of the King to replace Jon. He ponders refusal. However, when Robert arrives, he makes it clear that he badly needs Eddard's help in King's Landing. He also sweetens the deal by offering to betroth his son and heir Joffrey to Eddard's daughter Sansa. Eddard remains uncertain until a secret letter from Lysa Arryn, Catelyn's sister, implicates the Lannisters in the death of Jon Arryn. Eddard decides to accept to investigate both Jon Arryn's death and a potential plot against the king. He decides to bring both of his daughters to introduce them at court. ⎖]
Eddard and his nephew/adopted son Jon Snow.
Bran is found comatose at the base of a disused tower following an apparent climbing accident. Eddard reluctantly decides to leave as planned, to his wife's distress. Eddard, Arya, Sansa, and the royal party head south to King's Landing. At their parting, Eddard tells Jon he is a Stark and that while he does not have Eddard's name, he has his blood. He also promises to tell him about his mother the next time they meet. ⎗]
On the Kingsroad south to the capital, King Robert calls a halt to discuss troubling news from Essos. Robert's spies have learned of Daenerys Targaryen's marriage to Khal Drogo, whose khalasar is reported to number over one hundred thousand warriors. Eddard points out that the Dothraki cannot cross the Narrow Sea, as they have no ships, but Robert is concerned that the Seven Kingdoms will soon face another war. Robert also asks about Wylla, the mother of Jon Snow, but Eddard quickly deflects the line of questioning. ⎗]
Eddard and Arya at the Crossroads Inn.
Joffrey is bitten by Arya's direwolf Nymeria after Joffrey attacks Arya. To save Nymeria's life, Arya forces her direwolf to flee and hides in the woods herself. Arya is found and Eddard is brought before the king and instructed to punish Arya. Joffrey lies about the cause of the incident and Sansa supports him, enraging Arya. Queen Cersei insists that a direwolf must be punished and Robert orders that Sansa's direwolf, Lady, must be killed in Nymeria's place. Eddard attends to the matter himself, to Sansa's anger. ⎗]
Ned hires Syrio Forel to train Arya.
On his arrival in King's Landing, Eddard is immediately summoned to a small council meeting and finds the capital immersed in political intrigue. Members of the king's small council are at the heart of these machinations: Petyr Baelish, the master of coin, known as Littlefinger Varys, the master of whisperers Pycelle, the Grand Maester and Renly Baratheon, the master of laws and Robert's younger brother. Eddard learns that the crown is six million gold dragons in debt, with half of it owed to Lord Tywin Lannister. Regardless, Robert has ordered a lavish tournament to celebrate Eddard's appointment. While acclimating to the political maneuvering, Eddard also tries to repair the rift between Sansa and Arya with mixed results. Sansa rejects his gifts, but Arya is delighted when he hires a swordmaster, Syrio Forel, to train her. ⎘]
Littlefinger tells Eddard that Catelyn has followed him to the city. Eddard is furious when Littlefinger brings him to a brothel, believing he is the victim of a bad joke. Catelyn intervenes as Eddard attacks Littlefinger. She tells Eddard that she has traveled south to report an assassination attempt against Bran. The assassin was killed but was carrying a Valyrian steel knife. Littlefinger identifies the blade as one that he lost in a bet with Tyrion Lannister, and they conclude that the Lannisters were also behind Bran's original injuries. Eddard agrees to try to expose the truth, and Catelyn urges him to trust Littlefinger, her childhood friend. Eddard reluctantly agrees, though he finds Littlefinger obnoxious and dishonorable. ⎘]
Eddard presides over the small council.
Eddard's investigation reveals that Jon Arryn took an interest in Robert's numerous bastard children, including his son Gendry. He learns that Jon borrowed The Lineage and Histories of the Great Houses of the Seven Kingdoms from Pycelle. Eddard reads the book but cannot determine why Jon wanted it. Eddard discovers that soon after Jon's death his squire, Hugh, was knighted. Eddard sends the captain of his guards, Jory Cassel, to investigate, but Hugh refuses to talk to Jory. Hugh is killed by Ser Gregor Clegane - a noted servant of Lord Tywin Lannister - in an apparent tourney mishap before Eddard can talk to him. ⎙] As the tourney continues, Eddard discusses the death with Lord Commander Barristan Selmy of the Kingsguard, one of the most decorated and honorable knights in Westeros. They cannot ascertain if Hugh was killed deliberately. Eddard convinces King Robert not to fight in the tourney, bluntly calling him too fat. Robert reluctantly agrees. ⎚]
Yoren of the Night's Watch arrives in the city and tells Eddard that he witnessed Catelyn arresting Tyrion Lannister. This allows Eddard to claim that he ordered the arrest. Varys visits Eddard and warns him that there is a conspiracy, saying that Jon was poisoned and that King Robert may also be killed if Eddard cannot stop it. ⎚]
Ned is confronted by Jaime outside Littlefinger's brothel.
A rift opens between Eddard and Robert when Eddard refuses to sanction the assassination of Daenerys Targaryen upon hearing she is pregnant with Khal Drogo's child. Eddard resigns as Hand and prepares to return to Winterfell. Littlefinger gives Eddard another lead, keeping him in the city. Eddard finds another of Robert's bastards, a baby girl named Barra in one of Littlefinger's brothels. As Eddard leaves the brothel, he is confronted by Ser Jaime Lannister over Tyrion's capture. Jaime kills Jory and Eddard's other bodyguards. He proceeds to engage Eddard in single combat. A Lannister guardsman interferes and stabs Eddard in the leg, angering Jaime. He tells Eddard that he wants his brother back and leaves. ⎚] An injured Eddard wakes up in the Red Keep to be confronted by Cersei and Robert about the fight with Jaime and the abduction of Tyrion by Catelyn. Cersei is enraged that Eddard will not be punished. Robert tells Eddard that he is like a brother, and he refuses to accept his resignation as Hand. Robert commands Eddard to take back the badge and to make peace with the Lannisters, as he will not risk another civil war. Eddard reluctantly agrees. Robert goes on a hunting expedition, and Eddard receives word that Ser Gregor Clegane is leading a series of pillaging raids on the Riverlands, possibly at Lord Tywin Lannister's command. Despite his order to make peace with the Lannisters, Eddard commands Lord Beric Dondarrion to carry out an order of execution on Gregor, whom he strips of all rank and title. Eddard also orders that Tywin present himself in the capital to explain his vassal's actions under penalty of being branded a traitor. ⎛]
Ned discovers the parentage of Joffrey, Myrcella and Tommen.
Despite being restored to the king's favor, Eddard worries that the situation may yet come to war. He orders Sansa and Arya to return to Winterfell. A chance comment by Sansa that golden-haired Joffrey is a lion, not a stag, and is "nothing like" his old drunk of a father, prompts Eddard to realize the truth of Joffrey's parentage. He consults The Lineage book and sees that in every match between a Baratheon and a member of another house, the Baratheon black hair always dominates. Shocked, Eddard realizes that this means that Joffrey and the other royal children are not Robert's and as a result, they have no claim to the Iron Throne. ⎛]
Eddard confronts Cersei and warns her that he knows that her three children are not Robert's children, but her children conceived with her twin brother Jaime. Ned warns Cersei to flee with her children into exile before Robert returns from his hunt, when he will tell Robert the truth. Robert is mortally wounded while on the hunt. Wishing him a peaceful death, Eddard withholds his discovery. Robert has Eddard write his will, naming Eddard Protector of the Realm to rule until Joffrey comes of age. Eddard transcribes the command, but does not name Joffrey specifically and instead refers to Robert's successor as Robert's rightful heir. ⎜]
Eddard writes to Robert's brother and true heir, Stannis, urging him to take the crown. He dispatches his guardsman Tomard to deliver the letter. Eddard tells Littlefinger the truth of the matter, but rejects Littlefinger's suggestion that they take advantage of the situation to increase their own power. Reluctantly, Littlefinger agrees to recruit the City Watch to Eddard's cause. Renly also offers Eddard the use of soldiers in securing Cersei and her children, but Eddard refuses to dishonor Robert's last few hours by spilling blood and frightening children. Renly flees the castle fearing that the Lannisters will show no such respect. ⎜]
Littlefinger turns on Eddard Stark.
Robert dies and Joffrey takes the throne. Cersei tears up the letter proclaiming Eddard as Protector of the Realm. Eddard tells Joffrey that he has no right to the Iron Throne and commands the City Watch to take him and his mother into custody. Instead, the City Watch turns on Eddard's men and kills them. Littlefinger holds a knife to Eddard's throat, telling him that he shouldn't have trusted him. ⎜]
Eddard in the black cells of the Red Keep.
Eddard is incarcerated in the black cells under the Red Keep. He is visited by Varys who is disguised as a gaoler. Eddard asks about his daughters and Varys replies Arya has escaped the castle but Sansa is still engaged to Joffrey. Varys is bemused by Eddard telling Cersei that he knew about the parentage of her children and adds that his mercy is what killed Robert. He also informs Ned that Catelyn no longer has Tyrion in custody. Eddard asks if he will be killed and Varys replies, "Not today." ⎝] Varys returns to urge Eddard to confess to treason in exchange for exile in the Night's Watch. Eddard refuses until Varys elucidates that the Lannisters still have Sansa as a hostage. Varys adds that the Lannisters need him alive so they can bargain with his son Robb, who is leading an army to confront them in the Riverlands. ⎞]
Eddard is executed by Ser Ilyn Payne.
Eddard is taken to the front steps of the Great Sept of Baelor. He spots Arya crouching beside the statue of Baelor the Blessed and signals Yoren, who is also present amidst the gathered crowd. Having relented to Varys' request in order to save Sansa, Eddard makes the false confession that he intended to seize the throne for himself and recognizes Joffrey as the rightful king. Joffrey, however, ignores his mother's counsel that Eddard be exiled and orders his immediate execution. Before Ser Ilyn Payne swings the Lord of Winterfell's own sword Ice, Eddard notices that Yoren has taken Arya. Sansa, distraught, is restrained as Payne decapitates Eddard before the shocked Cersei and council can intervene while the baying crowd cheers. Before he dies, Eddard mutters a few last unheard words. ⎞] Yoren is able to smuggle a devastated Arya out of the city. ⎟]
Eddard's head is placed on a spike above the Traitor's Walk in the Red Keep. Joffrey torments Sansa by forcing her to look upon it as well as the other slain members of her household. She overcomes her revulsion and is able to maintain her composure, preventing his satisfaction at seeing her upset. Eddard's death launches the Seven Kingdoms into the devastating War of the Five Kings, with the North and the Riverlands seceding from the authority of the Iron Throne and Robb Stark proclaimed as the King in the North. Tywin calls his execution "madness and stupidity" as the Lannisters - who are also fighting Robert's brothers for the throne - could have used Eddard to end the war with the Starks. ⎟]
Sansa is held hostage by the Lannisters and forced to call her father a traitor. ⎠]
The return of Ned's remains for a proper burial is one of the demands that his son Robb Stark, the new King in the North, tells Alton Lannister to deliver to Queen Cersei Lannister in King's Landing. ⎠]
Cersei scoffs at Robb's declaration of independence when his demands are read to the small council, but Tyrion insists that they should at least return the bones of Robb's father. ⎡]
When Catelyn Stark approaches the camp of Renly Baratheon, his wife Margaery Tyrell says she is sorry for her loss, meaning Ned.
The Silent Sisters deliver a box containing Ned Stark's bones.
When Catelyn Stark and Petyr Baelish both approach the army camp of Renly Baratheon in the Stormlands for negotiations, Baelish delivers Ned's bones to Catelyn, in a box escorted by a pair of Silent Sisters. The delivery is a gesture of goodwill by Tyrion, in the hope that this would smooth the way to achieving the liberation of his brother Jaime from Stark captivity. Catelyn mourns over Ned's remains. ⎢]
Ser Rodrik Cassel berates Theon Greyjoy for his betrayal when Theon takes Winterfell, reminding him that Ned raised him among his family. Theon responds, "Among them, but not one of them." Ser Rodrik laments what if Ned were alive to see this but Theon tells Rodrik that Ned is dead. As Bran and Rickon plead for Rodrik's life and the ironborn urge Theon to execute Rodrik, Rodrik assures Bran and Rickon that he’s off to see their father. ⎣]
Beyond the Wall, Jon reveals to the wildling Ygritte who he is, that Ned Stark is his father, and his family has the blood of the First Men in their veins like Ygritte and the other wildlings do as the Starks and wildlings are both descendants of the First Men. ⎤]
Bran has a dream at one point where he hears his father's voice, repeating his previous words of encouragement that Bran will become a better archer with practice, and scolding Jon and Robb for laughing at Bran missing the bullseye. ⎥]
When Lady Olenna Tyrell urges Sansa to tell her the truth about Joffrey Baratheon, Sansa answers her father always told the truth but he was proclaimed a traitor and Joffrey cut his head off. Sansa reveals how Joffrey forced her to look at her father's decapitated head. When Olenna tells her to go on, Sansa panics and tries to take back what she said but confesses Joffrey is a monster after Olenna assures her they will keep her confidence. ⎥]
Jojen Reed tells Bran that when he told his father that he saw Ned’s execution in his visions, it was the first time he saw his father cry. Bran realizes Jojen's father is Howland Reed and tells Jojen that Howland saved Ned's life in the Rebellion. ⎥]
Mance Rayder recognizes Jon as "Ned Stark's bastard." In their conversation, Jon remembers his father taught him that "big men fall just as quick as little ones." ⎦]
In a conversation with Lady Olenna, Varys states that he admired Lord Eddard, and Lady Olenna retorts that Lord Stark had many admirers, none of which came to his rescue, not knowing that Varys had tried and failed to have Ned spared. Varys replies that he regrets he was unable to save Ned from execution, and that he wishes to help Sansa as a means of restitution for this failure. ⎧]
Theon Greyjoy, after reflecting on his betrayal of the Starks and his abandonment by his father, comes to the conclusion that Ned Stark was the closest thing to a father he ever had, realizing that his "real father died in King's Landing", which he confesses to Ramsay Snow. The realization that he had betrayed Ned's memory and the only people who ever truly treated him like family moves Theon to tears. ⎧]
During her time with the Brotherhood Without Banners, Arya learns from Thoros of Myr that they were indirectly created by her father to bring justice to Gregor Clegane. She also learns that their leader, Beric Dondarrion, greatly admired Ned, and regrets the necessity of holding Arya for ransom. ⎨]
When Jaime Lannister reveals to Brienne of Tarth his true motives behind killing the Mad King, Brienne asks him why he didn't tell Ned Stark of his motives. He angrily rants that the "honorable" Ned Stark would never have believed him. Jaime believes that Ned judged him guilty the moment he laid eyes on him. ⎨]
Shortly before they are massacred at the wedding of Edmure Tully and Roslin Frey, Robb and his wife Talisa consider naming their unborn child after Ned if it is a boy. Catelyn also reveals to Roose Bolton that at their wedding Ned forbade the traditional bedding, fearing it would be bad luck if he punched a man on their wedding night. ⎩]
When Bran is on the other side of the Wall, he wargs into a Heart tree and sees a vision of his father sitting in the Godswood of Winterfell with his sword Ice, and in the black cells of the Red Keep. ⎪]
When Tyrion Lannister is given the opportunity to take the black if he admits to assassinating Joffrey in his trial and then pleads for mercy, he rightly points out that Ned Stark was promised the same and was executed nonetheless. ⎫]
When Sansa reveals her identity to the lords of the Vale, Lord Yohn Royce mentions that Ned was a good friend of his, and that they used to hunt together. ⎬]
When Stannis Baratheon and his forces arrive at Castle Black and defeat the remainder of Mance's army, Jon explains he knows Stannis is the king and his father died for Stannis. Stannis tells Jon his father was an honorable man. Jon agrees and Stannis asks Jon what Ned would have done with Mance. Jon replies his father would have taken Mance prisoner and listened to what Mance had to say. Stannis agrees. ⎭]
When Jon turns down Stannis's offer of legitimacy, Stannis is disappointed and remarks, "You are as stubborn as your father. And as honorable." Jon takes this as praise of his father but Stannis tells him, "I didn't mean it as praise. Honor got your father killed." ⎮]
As she prepares to maim Sansa, Myranda quips that Ramsay Bolton needs her alive because her father Ned was the Warden of the North so Ramsay Bolton needs Sansa until she gives him an heir. Myranda then threatens to maim Sansa, as she does not need to be completely "intact" to bear Ramsay children with Stark blood. However, Theon begins to atone for the role he played in the downfall of House Stark by killing Myranda before she can harm Sansa and helps Sansa escape the clutches of the deranged Ramsay. ⎯]
Ned appears in one of Bran's visions while under the tutelage of the Three-Eyed Raven. In the vision, Ned appears in his youth, training with Benjen Stark. Ned teases Benjen about his swordsmanship and hugs him. Benjen tries to invite Wylis, a stable boy who later became Hodor, but Wylis' mother insists that her son will not be fighting with lords. Ned's younger sister Lyanna Stark also appears in the vision. ⎰]
A young Lord Ned Stark, Howland Reed and a band of Northmen about to face two of the Mad King's Kingsguard, Ser Arthur Dayne and Ser Gerold Hightower.
Later, Ned appears in another flashback, in which he leads a small force against Lord Commander Gerold Hightower and Ser Arthur Dayne in the Red Mountains. In this battle, Ned Stark is shown to have been a highly skilled swordsman who bested Ser Gerold and held his own against Ser Arthur until Ser Arthur disarms him. Before Ser Arthur can kill Ned, Lord Howland Reed stabs Ser Arthur through the back of his neck. Ned picks up Dawn and finishes off the knight of the Kingsguard with it. After killing Ser Arthur, Ned hears a woman scream and then heads for the Tower of Joy, though he pauses when Bran calls out to him. ⎱]
In Braavos, Arya Stark watches a play mocking the War of the Five Kings as part of an assignment from the Faceless Men. The actor playing Ned depicts him as a stereotypical "country bumpkin", much to Arya's displeasure.
In a later vision, Bran witnesses Ned hugging Benjen and bidding his father, Rickard, farewell before his departure to be fostered at the Vale. ⎲] After the Three-Eyed Raven frantically passes all of his knowledge to Bran, he sees several images, some of them of his father, such as Ned's beheading and his fight with Dayne. ⎳]
After the victory at the Battle of the Bastards, Jon and Sansa decide to bury Rickon, recently murdered by Ramsay Bolton, besides their late father at the crypts of Winterfell, indicating that Ned's bones reached the castle and were interred at some point prior to the castle falling to the ironborn. ⎴]
It is revealed that Lyanna is Jon Snow's mother and that Eddard is his uncle, not his father.
Bran later returns to the vision of the Tower of Joy, picking up from Ned entering the tower. He arrives at a room where he sees her sister Lyanna lying in a bed and a slice in her stomach. Ned calls the present maidens for help but Lyanna stops him and tells him to take care of her recently born son, fathered by Rhaegar. Lyanna whispers to her brother that her son's name is Aegon Targaryen and pleads for Ned to promise that he'll protect her child, knowing that Robert will kill her son if he finds out of his Targaryen blood. As Ned takes her baby into his arms, Lyanna passes away. To protect his sister's son from Robert, Ned returns to Winterfell with his infant nephew, names him 'Jon', ⎵] and claims him as his own illegitimate son, raising Jon as his own child alongside his trueborn children. ⎶] ⎷]
During Jon and Sansa's conversation, Jon remembers Ned telling him and his brothers that, "Everything before the word 'but' is horse-shit." Sansa tells Jon she never heard him say that and Jon recalls that their father didn't say this in front of his daughters, but his sons. ⎸]
Sansa remarks to the newly crowned Jon, that even though she loved Ned and Robb, both made mistakes which led to their deaths. ⎸]
Ned's statue at the Winterfell crypt.
While Jon is visiting his "father's" tomb, he is interrupted by Petyr Baelish, who comments on how he didn't always see eye to eye with Ned, but they both loved Catelyn. Petyr then reveals he loves Sansa in the same way, prompting Jon to angrily slam Petyr against the wall and tell him not to touch his sister. Afterward, Jon leaves the crypt and Petyr follows a few moments after to avoid association with a fight between them. ⎹]
When Jon Snow visits Daenerys Targaryen at Dragonstone, she makes it clear that Ned was clearly on Robert's side during his rebellion and was, therefore, a traitor. ⎺]
Upon Arya's return to Winterfell, she manages to sneak away from disbelieving guards and into the crypts. She looks upon the statue of her father, and is then reunited with Sansa, where they both discuss how the statue doesn't resemble Eddard. Sansa says that there is no one left who would remember his face and therefore make an accurate statue, to which Arya says that they are still alive and remember him. ⎻]
Jon and Gendry bond over their fathers, Ned and Robert, having been friends. Jon tells Gendry that he saw Robert Baratheon at Winterfell and Gendry tells Jon that he met Ned in King's Landing. Jon reveals he grew up on stories about their fathers and Gendry says he heard they fought together and won, telling Jon he wants to join him on their mission beyond the Wall. ⎼]
Arya enters Petyr's chamber and rummages through his study and furniture. While searching through his mattress, she finds a scroll written by Sansa. This turns out to be the scroll that Sansa wrote to their late brother Robb Stark urging him to bend the knee to King Joffrey Baratheon. Arya is unaware that Sansa had written the letter under duress from Queen Cersei in an attempt to save their father. ⎼]
Jorah Mormont and Jon discuss their fathers, Jeor Mormont and Ned Stark. They talk about their fathers both being honorable men who met unjust ends. Jorah admits that Ned Stark was right to exile him for his crimes. ⎽]
Cersei says she believes Jon will be true to his word because he is Ned Stark's son. ⎾]
When Jon reveals that he has pledged himself to Daenerys, he talks about his father and explains his reasons for telling the truth, "Talk about my father if you want, tell me that's the attitude that got him killed, but when enough people make false promises, words stop meaning anything. Then there are no more answers, only better and better lies. And lies won't help us in this fight." ⎾]
During Jon and Theon's conversation, they talk about Ned. Jon tells Theon, "Our father was more of a father to you than yours ever was. And you betrayed him." Theon agrees. Jon continues, "But you never lost him. He’s a part of you, just like he’s a part of me." ⎾]
At Petyr's surprise trial in Winterfell, Bran reveals Baelish's betrayal of Eddard in shocking detail. Arya subsequently slits Littlefinger's throat with his own dagger, avenging her father. After the trial, Sansa and Arya rebuild their bond and Sansa repeats Ned's words about how the pack survives. Both girls confide that they miss him. ⎾]
When Samwell Tarly arrives at Winterfell to help his old friend Jon, he prompts Bran to return to his vision at the Tower of Joy, where he hears Lyanna whisper Jon Snow's true name to Ned: Aegon. ⎾]
Jon remembers Ned as the most honorable man he ever knew, and doubts that Ned would lie to him about his parentage all his life when Sam tells him the truth about his parentage. Sam explains Ned only lied to save Jon from Robert Baratheon and that Ned swore to his sister Lyanna he would protect Jon no matter what. ⎿]
Bran Stark is one of a few characters known to possess magical abilities. He has also shown himself to be one of the most, if not the most, powerful human magic users in Game of Thrones.
- Greensight - also called simply "The Sight", is the ability to receive prophetic visions, starting off in the form of dreams. Bran's powers extend far beyond simply viewing events unfold he is capable of influencing past events, though he cannot change what was predestined to occur already. His power increased exponentially as Bran became the Three-Eyed Raven, becoming nearly omiscient. However, he still needs to know about certain events independently of his greensight before he can view them.
- Warg - Bran is a warg, a human who can send his consciousness into the mind of an animal, to see through its eyes and control its body as if it were his own. Jojen Reed states that this is a different, though related, ability to the Sight. Though he still needs training, Bran is inherently a very powerful warg, even able to enter the mind of another human or even multiple animals at one time, something the wargs among the wildlings are unable and unwilling to do. Bran has already become skilled at entering the mind of his direwolf Summer, in which he is a dangerous fighter, capable of dispatching several wildlings or wights, and uses Hodor to perform more complicated tasks or to supplement Summer's fighting capacity.
- Skinchanging with a Heart tree, a Weirwood with a face carved in it by the Children of the Forest, allows Bran (when combined with his Greensight) to have vivid visions of past, present, and future events, including those far away from himself, though he is now capable of doing so without the need for skinchanging with a Heart tree. While in the visions, Bran is once again capable of walking.
How is Jesus the Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6)?
A prince would have been understood by Isaiah's readers as a leader among a group of people. Jesus certainly fits this role as leader of all the people of the world. But what does it mean to be the Prince of Peace? The Hebrew word for peace, shalom, was often used in the Old Testament to refer to a time of rest between groups or nations.
What does it mean that Jesus is the Prince of Peace .
Question: "What does it mean that Jesus is the Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6)?" Answer: In Isaiah’s prophecy about the coming Messiah, he says: “For a child will be born to us, a …
Jesus Prince and Savior - Hope Publishing Company
By Timothy Dudley-Smith Jesus, Prince and Saviour, Lord of life who died, Christ, the friend of sinners, mocked and crucified for a world's salvation he his body gave, lay at last death's victim lifeless in the grave. Lord of life triumphant, risen now to reign! King of endless ages, Jesus …
44 Bible verses about Princes
Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother, responded, “Do not let my lord suppose they have put to death all the young men, the king’s sons, for Amnon alone is dead because by the intent of Absalom this has been determined since the day that he violated his sister Tamar.
Jesus Prince of Peace Art Gallery - Art & SoulWorks
Jesus, Prince of Peace Framed Print Prince of Peace elegantly framed in an elegant golden, espresso frame Double Matted in cream and gold interior matting Finished Frame Size: 11 x 14-inches Prince of Peace image size: 8 x 10-inches as painted by Akiane Kramarik Ready-to-hang with hardware attached.
Saint Joseph - Wikipedia
Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary Legal father of Jesus Prince and Patron of the Universal Church Venerated in: All Christian denominations which venerate saints: Feast: 19 March – Saint Joseph, Husband of Mary (Western Christianity) The third Wednesday after Easter Sunday-The Solemnity of Saint Joseph, spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Patron of the Universal Church (Roman …
Prince Of Peace – Official Akiane Gallery
For many years a blurry image of Prince of Peace appeared to me in my dreams and visions.Only after a mysterious carpenter came knocking on our door one afternoon that I knew it was the right time to paint the story of hope.
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Was Jesus a king of Edessa - History Forum
Also, it is highly likely that this particular King of Edessa was the same as the biblical Jesus, because they had the same names and crowns:. The biblical Jesus was called Jesus-Manuel. The king of Edessa was called Izas-Manu. Also . The biblical Jesus wore a Crown of Thorns.
After Years In Darkness, Akiane Kramarik’s Famous Painting .
Chicago-area prodigy Akiane Kramarik made a name for herself in the art world at just 8 years old when her painting of Jesus launched her career.
3 Reasons Why Jesus is Called the Prince of Peace
Long before the birth of Jesus, the prophet Isaiah spoke of Him. Wonderful Counselor. Mighty God. Eternal Father. And Prince of Peace. In this series, we have been discovering what it truly means to abide in God’s peace beyond understanding and I simply couldn’t ignore the fact that Jesus is referred to as our Prince of Peace.What does this title mean exactly?
Jesus is "Prince of Peace" - The Meaning of His Name
Jesus Christ is called the Prince of Peace because He restores every broken relationship, provides a well-ordered and balanced life, and offers the assurance of eternal life. Philip Wijaya Christianity.com Contributing Writer The coming of the Messiah has been predicted by the prophet Isaiah around 700 BC.
Jesus Prince And Saviour Tune: St Gertrude All Saints .
Next Video Here on the Organ is the hymn "Jesus Price And Saviour" of the tune St Gertrude Hope you enjoy this one :-)Many Thanks for Watching my Videos, rem.
Jesus Prince of Peace - Bible Truths - Crosswalk.com
During this time of division, upheaval, and unrest, we may crave peace—more than ever before. We may have even heard the name Prince of Peace attributed to Jesus. Even churches have used this .
What Happened At The Cross? (Joseph Prince) - YouTube
Thank You Jesus for your supernatural love. I'm here because of You!This animation video is produced and owned by New Creation Church, Singapore.If you are b.
Jesus, Prince Of Peace - Free Bible Study Lessons
Although the term, Prince of peace, is only used once in Scripture it is at the core of the mission of Jesus to planet earth. But why is Jesus given this title? What kind of peace does He bring? "For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.
Luke 11:14-12:34 NLT - Jesus and the Prince of Demons .
Luke 11:14-12:34 New Living Translation (NLT) Jesus and the Prince of Demons. 14 One day Jesus cast out a demon from a man who couldn’t speak, and when the demon was gone, the man began to speak. The crowds were amazed, 15 but some of them said, “No wonder he can cast out demons. He gets his power from Satan,  the prince of demons.” 16 Others, trying to test Jesus, …
Que signifie le fait que Jésus est le Prince de paix .
Question : « Que signifie le fait que Jésus est le Prince de paix (Ésaïe 9.5) ? » Réponse : Le prophète Ésaïe a annoncé en ces termes la venue du Messie : « En effet, un enfant nous est né, un fils nous a été donné, et la souveraineté reposera sur son épaule on l'appellera merveilleux conseiller, Dieu puissant, Père éternel, Prince de la paix. » (Ésaïe 9.5)
8 Bible verses about Jesus Christ, King
Isaiah 9:6 - For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to usAnd the government will rest on His shouldersAnd His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,Eternal Father, Prince of …
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5 Reasons Jesus Is Still the Prince of Peace - Topical Studies
Romans 5:1 - Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.. Ephesians 2:13-16 - But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the …
Jesus Christ – The God of Gods and the Prince of princes
Jesus Christ – The God of Gods and the Prince of princes. Sam Shamoun. The prophet Daniel sees a vision of a ruler who emerges to take control of a divided kingdom and sets himself up against the heavenly powers, specifically against the Prince or Ruler (sar) of princes/rulers (sarim):"It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth .
Jesus, the Prince of Shalom
Jesus is the Prince of Peace, the prince of Shalom. He is the fullness of God’s peace. Since Shalom means peace, health, harmony, wholeness, completeness, prosperity, and tranquility, then Jesus is the Prince of ALL those things for those of us who look to Him.
REVELATION 1:5 KJV "And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the .
Revelation 1:5 KJV: And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and
Matthew 12:22-30 NLT - Jesus and the Prince of Demons .
Matthew 12:22-30 New Living Translation (NLT) Jesus and the Prince of Demons. 22 Then a demon-possessed man, who was blind and couldn’t speak, was brought to Jesus. He healed the man so that he could both speak and see. 23 The crowd was amazed and asked, “Could it be that Jesus is the Son of David, the Messiah?” 24 But when the Pharisees heard about the miracle, …
Daily Devotion - Isaiah 9:6 - Jesus Our Prince of Peace .
Jesus is our Prince of Peace. Only in Jesus will you ever find peace. Only in Jesus can you truly say, “It is well it is well with my soul.”
What Does the Bible Say About Prince Of Peace?
Bible verses about Prince Of Peace. Ephesians 2:14-18 ESV / 15 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile …
Priesthood of Melchizedek - Wikipedia
The majority of Chazalic literature attributes the primary character of psalm 110 as King David who was a "righteous king" (מלכי צדק) of Salem (Jerusalem) and, like Melchizedek, had certain priest-like responsibilities, while the Babylonian Talmud understands the chapter as referring to Abram who was victorious in battling to save his nephew Lot and merited priesthood.
Masterful painting of Jesus by 8-year-old prodigy saved .
A painting of Christ by an eight-year-old child prodigy will finally be put on display, 16 years after the artist, Akiane Kramarik, completed it. The work in question, a masterpiece of artistic .
Billy Graham Daily Devotion: The Prince of Peace
Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins. —Proverbs 10:12. To hate, to discriminate against those who look different, who talk different, who have different national backgrounds, or who act differently from the dominant group, is a universal trait of human nature.
Jesus Prince Of Christmas Prince Of Peace Sermon by JOHN .
In Isaiah the Bible calls Jesus our Prince of Peace. And most assuredly. He is just that Isaiah 9:6 says For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.
The Prince of Peace | Eph 2:13-18 | RayStedman.org
13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near through the blood of Christ.. 14 For he himself is our peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, 15 by abolishing in his flesh the law with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making …
68 Prince Of Peace ideas in 2021 | prince of peace, peace .
Apr 2, 2021 - Explore TeddyBear's board "Prince Of Peace", followed by 325 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about prince of peace, peace, jesus.
Amazon.com: King Jesus, prince of Judaea and Rome (The .
King Jesus, prince of Judaea and Rome (The King Jesus Trilogy Book 2) - Kindle edition by Ellis, Ralph. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading King Jesus, prince of Judaea and Rome (The King Jesus Trilogy Book 2).
100 JESUS, PRINCE of PEACE ideas | jesus, faith, christian .
Aug 17, 2020 - Explore Peggy Eaton's board "JESUS, PRINCE of PEACE" on Pinterest. See more ideas about jesus, faith, christian quotes.
Jesus, Prince and Savior (P/A CD ) by Larry | J.W. Pepper .
Jesus, Prince and Savior. Larry Shackley - Lorenz Corporation Jesus, Prince and Savior. Larry Shackley - Lorenz Corporation. Click to review . Festive sounds of brass quartet and percussion uplift this original anthem that will resound in your sanctuary on Easter Sunday morning. "Lord of life triumphant, risen now to reign!
Prince Of Peace - Jesus Photo (11425887) - Fanpop
jesus the prince of peace 11425887. this video shows..some views..that how much jesus have suffer for us. but he still..everyday give his love just for us..forgiving all our sins.
Petra - King Of Kings Lyrics | AZLyrics.com
Jesus, Prince of Peace, glory Hallelujah Jesus, Prince of Peace, glory Hallelujah Submit Corrections. Writer(s): Joseph Shabalala. AZLyrics. P. Petra Lyrics. album: "Petra Praise: The Rock Cries Out" (1989) I Love The Lord. King Of Kings. Jesus, Jesus, Glorious One. The Battle Belongs To The Lord.
Jesus, Prince Of Peace Sermon by Simon Bartlett, Luke 2:8 .
Jesus, Prince Of Peace. Peace is central to Christmas. Jesus came to heal the age-old fracture and bring us peace with God and he's the only one who can. Add a note (optional) .
THE GOOD NEWS: Jesus, Prince of Peace and Prince of War
THE GOOD NEWS: Jesus, Prince of Peace and Prince of War. Kevin Wendt. Jesus said, “Do not imagine that I came to cast peace upon the earth I came not to cast peace, but a sword.” (Matthew 10:34) With these chilling words, Jesus gave tone and tenor to the work of the Church. That there may be peace with God in heaven, there must be war on .
Jesus Christ—The Messianic King Upholds Divine Justice .
20, 21. In our own time, how has the Messianic King promoted justice throughout the earth and within the Christian congregation? 20 Since becoming the Messianic King in 1914, Jesus has promoted justice in the earth. How so? He has sponsored the fulfillment of his prophecy found at Matthew 24:14.Jesus’ followers on earth have taught people of all lands the truth about …
Jesus: The Prince Of Peace - Jimmy Evans - Sermon Outlines .
Jesus: The Prince Of Peace Jimmy Evans Luke 2:8-20 INTRODUCTION: As the angels announced the coming of Christ, their message was "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth, peace among men with whom He is pleased." In other words, God is being greatly glorified and peace is being made available to people through Jesus Christ. IMPORTANT POINTS CONCERNING THE ISSUE …
Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace - Home | Facebook
Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace. 3,495 likes · 6 talking about this. God loves you much more than anyone else in the world
Jesus, prince of peace | Faith | newsminer.com
The prophet Isaiah had several names and titles for Jesus. One of my favorites is “prince of peace.” No single title is enough to describe who Jesus is and what he does for us.
Prince of peace- Jesus - Home | Facebook
Prince of peace- Jesus. 2,605 likes · 1 talking about this. TO GROW SPIRITUALLY AND SERVE AS A VESSEL OF GOD'S WILL, EVERYTHING WE DO IS FOR THE GLORY OF OUR LORD, JESUS CHRIST.
Jesus the Christ-Our Prince of Peace
“Joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth.” 20 Peace can come to those whose labors are heavy: “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
Why is Jesus called "PRINCE of Peace"? | Yahoo Answers
Many complain when Jesus is called the Archangel Michael. But in the past many scholars have equated him with the "Angel of the LORD" mentioned in the Bible. The Greek Septuagint Version calls the Messiah "the Angel of Good Counsel." (Isaiah 9:6, LXX) And Isaiah 9:6 in the Hebrew text and most English Bibles calls the promised Messiah, Jesus, the "PRINCE of Peace."
Exegesis - Why is Jesus named the Prince of Peace instead .
In Isaiah 9:6, the child to be born will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
The Promise of a Prince of Peace — Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY
The phrase “this statement” at Isaiah 8:20 may refer to the statement regarding spiritism, quoted at Isaiah 8:19.If that is the case, Isaiah is saying that the promoters of spiritism in Judah will continue to urge others to apply to spirit mediums and thus will receive no enlightenment from Jehovah.
Jesus, Prince of Hell eBook by Adam Weishaupt .
Jesus, Prince of Hell. by Adam Weishaupt. Thanks for Sharing! You submitted the following rating and review. We'll publish them on our site once we've reviewed them. 1. by on April 4, 2021. OK, close 3.5. 2. Write your review. eBook Details. Mike Hockney Release Date: October 26, …
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