Day 234 September 9, 2011 - History

Day 234 September 9, 2011 - History

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President Barack Obama is briefed before a call with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the Oval Office, Sept. 9, 2011, to discuss the situation at the Israeli Embassy in Cairo, Egypt. Pictured, from left, are: Brooke Anderson, National Security Staff Chief of Staff and Counselor; John Buchanan, Director of Operations and Deputy Director of the White House Situation Room; National Security Advisor Tom Donilon; Steve Simon; Prem Kumar; Dennis Ross, Senior Director for the Central Region; and Denis McDonough, Deputy National Security Advisor.

9:30AM THE PRESIDENT departs the White House en route Joint Base Andrews

South Lawn

9:45AM THE PRESIDENT departs Joint Base Andrews en route Richmond, Virginia

10:25AM THE PRESIDENT arrives Richmond, Virginia

Richmond International Airport

11:35AM THE PRESIDENT delivers remarks at the University of Richmond

Robins Center Arena

12:45PM THE PRESIDENT departs Richmond, Virginia en route Joint Base Andrews

Richmond International Airport

1:25PM THE PRESIDENT arrives Joint Base Andrews

1:40PM THE PRESIDENT arrives the White House

South Lawn

5:15PM THE PRESIDENT participates in an Ambassador Credentialing Ceremony

Oval Office

Ambassador Julio Armando Martini Herrera, Republic of Guatemala
Ambassador Niels Peter Georg Ammon, Federal Republic of Germany
Ambassador Harold Winston Forsyth Mejia, Republic of Peru
Ambassador Ritva Inkeri Koukku-Ronde, Republic of Finland
Ambassador Alberto do Carmo Bento Ribeiro, Republic of Angola
Ambassador Blaise Cherif, Republic of Guinea
Ambassador Seydou Bouda, Burkina Faso
Ambassador Michael Moussa-Adamo, Gabonese Republic
Ambassador Marina Kaljurand, Republic of Estonia
Ambassador Charles Rudolph Paul, Republic of the Marshall Islands
Ambassador Nirupama Rao, Republic of India
Ambassador Ali Suleiman Aujali, Libya

Understanding 9/11 A Television News Archive

The 9/11 Television News Archive is a library of news coverage of the events of 9/11/2001 and their aftermath as presented by U.S. and international broadcasters. A resource for scholars, journalists, and the public, it presents one week of news broadcasts for study, research and analysis.

Television is our pre-eminent medium of information, entertainment and persuasion, but until now it has not been a medium of record. This Archive attempts to address this gap by making TV news coverage of this critical week in September 2001 available to those studying these events and their treatment in the media.

Explore 3,000 hours of international TV News from 20 channels over 7 days, and select analysis by scholars.

What Must Be Learned

It’s not surprising that teaching 9/11 as history is a delicate task. In addition to the emotional burden that falls on teachers who remember that day, the subject matter is sensitive and the images and documents that might be used as primary sources are disturbing. The story is also very much still being written, as the effects of 9/11 on American society continue to evolve.

There is also no national guideline that states are required to follow in terms of teaching the topic, so lessons will vary depending on the teacher or school district. In New York, for example, schools will observe a moment of silence on Wednesday, after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a law on Monday requiring observation of the anniversary. A 2017 analysis of state high-school social-studies academic standards in the 50 states and the District of Columbia noted that 26 specifically mentioned the 9/11 attacks, nine mentioned terrorism or the war on terror, and 16 didn’t mention 9/11 or terrorism-related examples at all.

That variation is part of the reason why Jeremy Stoddard, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education, set out to analyze how teachers are talking about 9/11 in classrooms nationwide.

A new study released this month, on which Stoddard is the lead author, polled 1,047 U.S. middle- and high-school teachers and revealed that the most popular method of teaching about 9/11 and the War on Terror was showing a documentary or “similar video.” The next most cited method was discussing related current events. The third most mentioned approach was sharing personal stories, the way Hetrick does Stoddard says younger teachers in particular tend to aim to get kids “to feel like they felt that day, to understand the shock and horror people felt that day.”

The survey built on his prior research looking at textbooks and classroom resources developed to teach about the event in the first few years after 2001. He and UW-Madison colleague Diana Hess studied nine of the bestselling high school U.S History, World History, Government and Law textbooks published in 2004 and 2006, and then did side-by-side comparisons between three of them and editions published in 2009 and 2010, noting how descriptions of the attacks evolved.

For example, four of the nine earlier textbooks mentioned the war in Iraq as part of the aftermath of 9/11, but when Stoddard and Hess were doing research in 2005, only one, McDougal Littell’s The Americans (2005), got into how evidence for the weapons of mass destruction claims had not yet been found. One 2005 textbook, Prentice Hall’s Magruder&rsquos American Government, said that when Congress authorized President George W. Bush to take whatever measures were “necessary and appropriate” to neutralize the threat of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein in the wake of 9/11, “it was widely believed that the regime had amassed huge stores of chemical and biological weapons” the 2010 edition deleted the sentence about weapons of mass destruction. In some textbooks, the descriptions of the attacks got shorter as time went on. For example, that 2005 edition of The Americans said about 3,000 people were killed in the attacks, and then specified how many were passengers on the planes, people who worked at or were visiting the World Trade Center, and how many were first responders. The 2010 version cut out the breakdown of the casualties.

“A lot of the main themes that we saw way back in 2003 &mdash in terms of, it’s a day of remembrance, a focus on the first responders and the heroes of the day and the actions they took, the world coming together in response to this horrible terrorist attack &mdash a lot of those themes are still very much the way it’s being taught,” says Stoddard. “Middle schools are focusing a little bit more on first responders and heroes of the day. High school is where you would probably see more of an emphasis on the causes, the events leading up to it and maybe more on the response. Highschool teachers did talk more about the Patriot Act and surveillance and some of those national-security-versus-civil-liberties types of issues.”


The first of the four planes to take off was American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767-200ER. It was 159 feet (48 m) long and 16 feet (4.9 m) wide. It had two aisles. The plane made daily flights between Boston and Los Angeles. When it took off at 7:59 a.m. on the morning of the eleventh, it carried only 81 passengers in its 158 seats. Forty-seven minutes later, it crashed into the North Tower at 440 miles per hour (710 km/h). It was carrying 9,717 gallons of jet fuel, 14,000 fewer than it was able to carry.

United Airlines Flight 175, also a Boeing 767-200ER, was the second. Like American Airlines 11, it was scheduled to fly from Boston to Los Angeles. When United 175 took off at 8:14 a.m., it was even lighter than the American flight: Only 56 of 168 seats were filled. When it crashed into the South Tower of the World Trade Center at 9:03 a.m., traveling 540 miles per hour (870 km/h), it had 9,118 gallons of fuel in its tanks. This crash was broadcast live on many television channels worldwide that were already showing the North Tower burning. [10]

American Airlines Flight 77 was the third plane to take off. It was a Boeing 757-200. It left Washington, D.C. at 8:20 a.m. going to Los Angeles. It was two-thirds empty, with 58 passengers in its 176 seats. It was carrying 4,000 gallons of fuel, less than the 11,500 gallons it could carry. It crashed into the Pentagon at 9:37 a.m., ­flying at 530 miles per hour (850 km/h).

The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was also a 757-200. It was traveling from Newark, New Jersey to San Francisco. It was scheduled to leave at 8 a.m., but was delayed for 42 minutes. When it finally took off, it carried only 37 ­passengers in its 182 seats. It had a little over 7,000 gallons of fuel. At 10:03 a.m, it crashed at 560 miles per hour (900 km/h) into an empty field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after the passengers and crew unsuccessfully attempted to retake control of the plane to stop the hijack terrorists from hitting another landmark.

All of the 246 people on the four planes died in the crashes. 19 terrorists were also killed in the attacks. Both towers of the World Trade Center caught on fire after the crashes. The South Tower (2 WTC) burned for 56 minutes before it fell and was destroyed. The North Tower (1 WTC) burned for 102 minutes before it also fell. As the towers fell, parts of the towers hit other buildings around them. It is believed that because of this damage, a third building, 7 World Trade Center (7 WTC), fell at 5:20 p.m. Many other buildings in the area were damaged badly and had to be demolished later, leaving the whole World Trade Center complex destroyed. 2,602 people died at the World Trade Center.

The plane that hit the Pentagon hit the ground just as it hit the western side of the building. It then crashed through three of the five "rings" that make up the Pentagon. The crash killed 125 people in the Pentagon.

There were 2,996 people who died in the attacks. They included firefighters and police officers trying to save the other people. They also included the 19 attackers who were all killed.

The United States government paid an average of $1.8 million to the families of the victims of the attacks. [11]

The attacks also led to the United States Department of Homeland Security being created, which protects the country from terrorist attacks.

Many conspiracy theories have appeared which say that certain people in the United States government knew about the attacks, or even made them happen. These have been said to be false by the government.

After the attack, the United States blamed Al-Qaeda, which the U.S. thought was a terrorist group. President George W. Bush said he would start a "War on Terror". He meant that the United States would do more things to try to stop terrorism in the future. Bush said this was meant to protect Americans and their property from terrorists. For example, the American government would be reorganized. Security and control in public places was made stronger, especially at airports. Americans were told every day whether there was a serious threat of terrorism. (This was done by giving a color for the day. Red meant there was a high risk, green meant a low risk, and there were many levels in between.)

The War on Terror also led to real wars. The leader of Al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, lived in the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. The United States told the government of Afghanistan, called the Taliban, to turn bin Laden over to them. The Taliban would not do this. The leader of the Taliban, Mullah Muhammad Omar, demanded to see proof from the United States government. If proof was not given, Mullah Omar said that he would not hand over bin Laden. President George W. Bush said that he did not need to provide proof. [12] The United States then went to war against Afghanistan. The Taliban was removed from power, a new government was put in power, and a new president was chosen by the people of Afghanistan.

While this was happening, the United States government changed in a few ways. The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) created the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). Before 9/11, security at American airports was provided by the airlines. The TSA made it the government's job to provide airport security. New officers were hired by TSA to work at airports and to fly on planes as air marshals. The TSA also provides security on American trains and subways. A new Department of Homeland Security was also created. It became their job to protect Americans and their property inside the United States. When this department was created, the TSA moved from the DOT to Homeland Security.

After defeating the Taliban, President George W. Bush thought the US should invade Iraq. He believed that Iraq helped terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda. He said he had evidence that Iraq was also making weapons of mass destruction. He sent Secretary of State Colin Powell to the United Nations to show them some of the evidence. In March, 2003, the United States began its invasion of Iraq. (Four other countries also took part, including the United Kingdom, Australia, Poland, and Denmark.) The government of Iraq was overthrown, and the people of Iraq elected a new government. No weapons of mass destruction were found in Iraq.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to September 11 attacks .

On May 2, 2011, United States Navy SEALs killed al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, who led the September 11, 2001 attacks and other terrorist attempts.

The gold rush is on

While the "parabolic surge" in the price of gold over the last couple of months is concerning, Lloyd Thomas, professor of economics at Kansas State University, says the rise is also worrisome over a longer period of time.

"Gold is considered a good hedge against inflation," he said, "But the increase in gold price has far outpaced inflation, especially during the last decade."

He noted that inflation has only picked up 2.4% on an annual basis during the last 10 years, but the price of the yellow metal has climbed more than 21% a year during the same time period.

Unless higher inflation -- to the tune of 10% a year -- is forthcoming, Thomas said gold prices are "clearly in a bubble."

But don't expect it to burst right away.

"Bubbles can run a long time -- just look at technology stocks in the late 1990s and housing prices a few years ago," said Thomas, adding that gold prices will likely soon threaten their inflation-adjusted high just above of $2,200 an ounce -- another warning bell of a things getting a little too frothy, he said.

However, some experts like Adam Klopfenstein, senior market strategist at MF Global, argue that they won't worry about a gold bubble until prices surpass their inflation-adjusted high.

As fiscal problems linger, Kingsview Financial's Zeman said gold prices will continue to gain luster, even reaching $5,000 or $7,000 an ounce over the next few years.

"Debt issues in the United States and Europe are playing a huge role in why investors are buying up gold, and those are not going away anytime soon," noted Zeman. "I don't see how the United States can get out of debt without further debasing the dollar, so that will continue to support gold prices."

That said, he's far from in a rush to buy gold at these lofty prices. Zeman is looking for prices to shave between $100 and $200 an ounce in a correction, and said they could drop as low as $1,650 an ounce, the level gold was trading at before its recent run.

The 9/11 Hurricane That Missed New York City

As the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 were unfolding in New York, Washington, D.C. and near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, a hurricane was spinning off the Northeast coast.

One of the most chilling weather satellite images ever taken captured both Hurricane Erin, about 500 miles east-southeast of New York, and the smoke plume from the World Trade Center twin towers about two hours after the first tower was hit (shown in the upper-left inset of the image above).

On Sept. 10, 2001, a cold front swept through the East Coast with rain and thunderstorms. Crystal clear, cool weather followed on the morning of Tuesday, Sept. 11.

"Temperatures at 9 a.m. that morning were 65 in New York and 70 in Washington, and warmed to 72 and 76, respectively, by 11 a.m. Winds were out of the northwest at 6 to 12 mph in both cities, which served to blow smoke and debris from the disaster in Lower Manhattan into Brooklyn," senior digital meteorologist Nick Wiltgen said.

While Hurricane Erin was never a threat to landfall in the Northeast, the cold front and increased westerly winds aloft gave a final east, then northeast shove to Erin.

In a strange coincidence, almost exactly 10 years after the Sept. 11 attacks, Hurricane Katia was spinning in almost the same location on Sept. 9, 2011. As with Erin, Hurricane Katia made a hard-right turn before reaching the East Coast.

One can only wonder how the history books might have been rewritten if Hurricane Erin would've threatened the Northeast in September 2001.

you should put those two dates between single quotes like..

keep in mind that the first date is inclusive, but the second is exclusive, as it effectively is '2011/02/27 00:00:00'

Since a datetime without a specified time segment will have a value of date 00:00:00.000 , if you want to be sure you get all the dates in your range, you must either supply the time for your ending date or increase your ending date and use < .

DO NOT use the following, as it could return some records from 2011/02/28 if their times are 00:00:00.000.

The date values need to be typed as strings.

To ensure future-proofing your query for SQL Server 2008 and higher, Date should be escaped because it's a reserved word in later versions.

Bear in mind that the dates without times take midnight as their defaults, so you may not have the correct value there.

Here, first add a day to the current endDate, it will be 2011-02-28 00:00:00 , then you subtract one second to make the end date 2011-02-27 23:59:59 . By doing this, you can get all the dates between the given intervals.

-- if data type is different

This query stands good for fetching the values between current date and its next 3 dates

This will eventually add extra 3 days of buffer to the current date.

This is very old, but given a lot of experiences I have had with dates, you might want to consider this: People use different regional settings, as such, some people (and some databases/computers, depending on regional settings) may read this date 11/12/2016 as 11th Dec 2016 or Nov 12, 2016. Even more, 16/11/12 supplied to MySQL database will be internally converted to 12 Nov 2016, while Access database running on a UK regional setting computer will interpret and store it as 16th Nov 2012.

Therefore, I made it my policy to be explicit whenever I am going to interact with dates and databases. So I always supply my queries and programming codes as follows:

Note also that Access will accept the #, thus:

but MS SQL server will not, so I always use " ' " as above, which both databases accept.

And when getting that date from a variable in code, I always convert the result to string as follows:

I am writing this because I know sometimes some programmers may not be keen enough to detect the inherent conversion. There will be no error for dates < 13, just different results!

As for the question asked, add one day to the last date and make the comparison as follows:

Try putting the dates between # # for example:

if its date in 24 hours and start in morning and end in the night should add something like :

The logic being that >= includes the whole start date and < excludes the end date, so we add one unit to the end date. This can adapted for months, for instance:

best query for the select date between current date and back three days:

best query for the select date between current date and next three days:

Check below Examples: Both working and Non-Working.

Really all sql dates should be in yyyy-MM-dd format for the most accurate results.

we can use between to show two dates data but this will search the whole data and compare so it will make our process slow for huge data, so i suggest everyone to use datediff :

here calender is the Table, dt as the starting date variable and dt2 is the finishing date variable.

There are a lot of bad answers and habits in this thread, when it comes to selecting based on a date range where the records might have non-zero time values - including the second highest answer at time of writing.

Never use code like this: Date between '2011/02/25' and '2011/02/27 23:59:59.999'

Or this: Date >= '2011/02/25' and Date <= '2011/02/27 23:59:59.999'

To see why, try it yourself:

In both cases, you'll get both rows back. Assuming the date values you're looking at are in the old datetime type, a date literal with a millisecond value of 999 used in a comparison with those dates will be rounded to millisecond 000 of the next second, as datetime isn't precise to the nearest millisecond. You can have 997 or 000, but nothing in between.

You could use the millisecond value of 997, and that would work - assuming you only ever need to work with datetime values, and not datetime2 values, as these can be far more precise. In that scenario, you would then miss records with a time value 23:59:59.99872, for example. The code originally suggested would also miss records with a time value of 23:59:59.9995, for example.

Far better is the other solution offered in the same answer - Date >= '2011/02/25' and Date < '2011/02/28' . Here, it doesn't matter whether you're looking at datetime or datetime2 columns, this will work regardless.

Carie Lemack: 'I learned that people I had never met often wanted the same thing as me – to live peacefully'

It's been 10 years since my mother's murder. I cannot speak for all Americans, only for myself, when I say that in the past 10 years, I have had to grow up – not just because my mother was so brutally murdered, but also because the events of her murder required it. Like many, I had to learn about parts of the world I had only vaguely heard of before, had to listen to grievances I had previously been ignorant of, had to cope when people celebrated the violence that wreaked havoc in my life and shattered my mother into countless pieces.

But some things about me and, I would hazard to say, America, have not changed. I channelled my mother's curiosity and optimism, and welcomed the opportunity to travel to foreign lands, ultimately learning that people I had never met often wanted the same thing as me – to live peacefully. Like the forefathers of my nation, I joined with others to speak out and try to make as many rights as possible out of the wrong that had been committed against me, ultimately changing the structure of our nation through the passage of the 9/11 Commission's recommendations into law.

Mom taught my sister and me that we can fix any problem we set our minds to. As she was, before 9/11, I remain convinced of the power of everyday ordinary citizens, especially when imbued with passion and the moral authority that comes from experiencing tragedy and fighting to prevent it from happening again. Indeed, 10 years later, I have seen firsthand that, to paraphrase Margaret Mead's famous statement, they are the only thing that can achieve that. And while the pain of her murder will never cease, living a life my mother would be proud of remains my goal to this day.

Carie Lemack co-founded Global Survivors Network after her mother, Judy Larocque, was murdered on AA11 on 11 September 2001

Detainee Policy

What it means

Military Commissions Act of 2006
Detainee Treatment Act of 2005
Hamdi v. Rumsfeld
Rasul v. Bush
Boumediene v. Bush

Established the practice and limits of indefinite military detention at Guantánamo Bay.

After 9/11, the US began an unprecedented practice of holding so-called “enemy combatants” in military detention without charge and without according them the status or rights of prisoners of war. The Supreme Court essentially upheld this practice in 2004. But in the Hamdi and Rasul decisions of 2004 and again in 2008 with Boumediene v. Bush, the Court ruled that Guantánamo detainees were entitled to bring habeas corpus petitions in US courts to challenge whether they were properly found to be “enemy combatants.”

Although President Obama pledged to close the prison at Guantánamo Bay, Congress has enacted laws prohibiting the transfer of detainees to the US and imposing obstacles (that are in some cases insurmountable) to transferring detainees to other countries. Moreover, regardless of whether the prison is closed, the Obama administration has determined that it will continue to hold several of the men currently at Guantánamo without trial because the evidence against them is either insufficient or tainted by torture.

Military Commissions Act of 2006

Authorized military tribunals for enemy combatants.

Following a Supreme Court ruling that the military commissions established unilaterally by the Bush administration were illegal, Congress passed the Military Commissions Act in 2006. The Act authorized “trial by military commission” for enemy combatants and left out basic procedural protections that are mandatory in civilian criminal court. In one of his first acts following his inauguration, President Obama effectively suspended the use of military tribunals. But he worked with Congress to devise a new Military Commissions Act that restored only some of the procedural protections that the 2006 Act omitted. In the spring of 2011, after Congress blocked the transfer of detainees to the US for civilian trial, the Obama administration officially reinstated military tribunals for prosecution of Guantánamo detainees.

The Bush administration jumped through hoops to authorize the use of torture, which it referred to as “enhanced interrogation techniques.” Its lawyers issued secret legal opinions designed to get around the prohibition on torture by redefining what torture meant and claiming that the laws against torture didn’t apply to the President acting as Commander in Chief. When the details of the “enhanced interrogation techniques,” such as waterboarding, surfaced, human rights advocates cried foul.

President Obama has taken a firm stance in banning the use of torture by US military and intelligence officials. But as the debate over whether torture led us to Osama Bin Laden’s hideout showed, America’s commitment to the laws banning torture may well be wavering. The Obama administration must share some of the blame for that: It has refused to allow any inquiry into the Bush administration’s systematic approval of torture it has asserted an overbroad version of the state secrets privilege to prevent lawsuits that would expose torture and it continues to employ the practice of rendition &mdash sending detainees to other countries where they are likely to be tortured.

Atlas of Oceans Australian Geographic

An Ecological Survey of this Fascinating Hidden World.

From the mysteries of darkly majestic kelp forests to the thermal vents cracked into the ocean floor that hold clues to the origins of life, explore the fabulous ecosystems of our oceans. This superb visual guide maps the major habitats of each of the planets’ oceans and look at the creatures that live there. Many of these creatures have…

7. Sanriku, Japan – 15 June 1896

This tsunami propagated after an estimated magnitude 7.6 earthquake occurred off the coast of Sanriku, Japan. The tsunami was reported at Shirahama to have reached a height of 38.2 m, causing damage to more than 11,000 homes and killing some 22,000 people. Reports have also been found that chronicle a corresponding tsunami hitting the east coast of China, killing around 4000 people and doing extensive damage to local crops.

8. Northern Chile – 13 August 1868

This tsunami event was caused by a series of two significant earthquakes, estimated at a magnitude of 8.5, off the coast of Arica, Peru (now Chile). The ensuing waves affected the entire Pacific Rim, with waves reported to be up to 21 m high, which lasted between two and three days. The Arica tsunami was registered by six tide gauges, as far off as Sydney, Australia. A total of 25,000 deaths and an estimated US$300 million in damages were caused by the tsunami and earthquakes combined along the Peru-Chile coast.

9. Ryuku Islands, Japan – 24 April 1771

A magnitude 7.4 earthquake is believed to have caused a tsunami that damaged a large number of islands in the region however, the most serious damage was restricted to Ishigaki and Miyako Islands. It is commonly cited that the waves that struck Ishigaki Island was 85.4 m high, but it appears this is due to a confusion of the original Japanese measurements, and is more accurately estimated to have been around 11 to 15 m high. The tsunami destroyed a total of 3,137 homes, killing nearly 12,000 people in total.

10. Ise Bay, Japan – 18 January 1586

The earthquake that caused the Ise Bay tsunami is best estimated as being of magnitude 8.2. The waves rose to a height of 6m, causing damage to a number of towns. The town of Nagahama experienced an outbreak of fire as the earthquake first occurred, destroying half the city. It is reported that the nearby Lake Biwa surged over the town, leaving no trace except for the castle. The Ise Bay tsunamis caused more than 8000 deaths and a large amount damage.

Watch the video: 911 crash


  1. Anatolie

    What a graceful answer

  2. Lowe

    Sorry, that doesn't help. Hope they will help you here. Don't despair.

  3. Shakakasa

    Good question

  4. Illias

    I mean, you allow the mistake. I offer to discuss it.

  5. Wilfredo

    This is funny information.

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